October 25, 2022
Identification of the 13 Applications based on Galileo, with the greatest potential for Brazil.
The 13 applications, based on Galileo, with the greatest potential in Brazil
Description of the applications, identification of opportunities, barriers to entry, and recommendations for next steps.
Brazil is ranked as 9th greatest economy of the world, one of the three greatest food producers, the second largest fleet of executive aircrafts in the globe, with almost 2,000 executive turboprops and jets. A Country that has 27 thousand kilometers of navigable river sections and a total of 175 port cargo facilities, Brazil uses maritime transport for more than 95% of exported and imported cargo. The country is heavily dependent on road transport and 82% of national cargo is transported by truck, but only 12% of the national road network is paved. Nowadays this huge economy demands the use of Global Navigation Satellite Systems in four relevant national economic sectors (Agriculture, Aviation, Maritime and Road). On the other side, Galileo, the European Union’s Global Satellite Navigation System (EGNSS), has been fully operational since 2016, has a lot of advantages, can be used with other GNSS constellations and its services are free and open. There are many opportunities related to the use of Galileo technology to be pioneered exploited in Brazil.
Agriculture (AGRO) is the Brazilian economy segment with the best prospect for the use of Galileo technology in the country. The main AGRO applications are: Precision Agriculture, a management strategythat aims to improve the resources use with efficiency, productivity, quality, profitability and sustainability of agricultural production. This technology, which can help the farmer to increase the yield by up to 67%, is being used mainly in the crops of corn, soybeans, coffee, cane, beans, fruit, precision livestock and precision irrigation. The states that mostly use the technology today are Goiás, Mato Grosso, Paraná and Rio Grande do Sul; and Agri-logistics, considering that Brazil is a key market for global agricultural machinery manufacturers. The main AGRO challenge was to make the agribusiness authorities in Brazil and the companies and groups in the segment aware of the existence of the Galileo EGNSS, as the vast majority were unaware of the technicalities of the different GNSS systems (GPS/GALILEO/BEIDOU/ GLONASS…). The vast majority have some knowledge of the North American GPS, but were completely unaware of the advantages of using multi–system hardware, which can benefit from the advantages offered exclusively by Galileo. The AGRO next steps are the maintenance of a direct communication channel between the users of GNSS technology in the Brazilian agribusiness sector with European specialists, as well as the lines of support for academic research and studies that allow the dissemination of the knowledge about EGNSS to a greater number of future users of the Galileo technology in the agrobusiness economy sector of the country.
In Aviation (AERO) segment the main applications with prospect for the use of Galileo technology in the country are segregated into manned and unmanned aviation, both them classified as regulated or unregulated. In all of them there is a vast field for the use of EGNSS Galileo technology. Among the main ones, Performance Based Navigation (PBN) (manned/regulated); Enhanced vision systems (EVS) / Synthetic vision systems (SVS) (manned/regulated); Automatic Depended Surveillance – Broadcast (ADS-B) (manned/regulated); 4D trajectory operations (manned/regulated); Search and Rescue (SAR) (manned/regulated); Moving maps (manned/unregulated); Infringement alarms (manned/unregulated); Low-powered ADS-B transponders (manned/unregulated); The use of drones in agriculture(unmanned/regulated and unregulated); The use of drones in surveying activities(unmanned/regulated); and Delivery and eCommerce (unmanned/regulated). The main AERO challenges for the GIC-Br were to maintain contact with the representatives of the Brazilian aviation market, as well as with the regulatory authorities of this sector, during the period in which all were strongly impacted by the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic; To demonstrate to companies and developers of technologies associated with drones that EGNSS Galileo has a series of technological advantages that may be able to add value to their products and services and that there is no need to choose between GPS and Galileo, but a joint use of both technologies; and to bring to the Brazilian authorities responsible for managing COSPAS-SARSAT in the country the advantages of using Galileo, especially regarding the possibility of using the SAR Return Link Service – RLS/SAR in the entire area that is under the responsibility of the country. The AERO next steps indicated are to identify Brazilian companies in the segment of commercialization and maintenance of aviation and drone equipment to offer hardware that is capable of receiving and processing the EGNSS signal. Through these companies, make available to the Brazilian aviation and drone market the effective use of Galileo technology; and to identify Brazilian companies that are qualified to represent European Community companies that produce and sell Emergency Locator Transmitter – ELT equipment capable of receiving and processing Galileo’s RLS-SAR signal. Through these companies, promote wide dissemination of the exclusive advantages of the Galileo RLS-SAR, already available in Brazil and in several other parts of the world, so that the use of this technology can be widely expanded in the promising Brazilian aviation market.
In MARITIME segment of the national economy, Brazil is member of the Council of the International Maritime Organization (IMO), where topics such as navigational safety, reduction of sea pollution and gas emissions are of great importance. The use of GNSS technology in this sector is very high, being also a necessary technology for positioning, monitoring and navigation, following all national and international regulations for this sector. The main MARITIME applications for Galileo in the country are Recreational navigation, with large variety of dedicated GNSS devices available to the users; Search and rescue (SAR) – the use of Return Link Service SAR – RLS/SAR has a great differential in this potential market where SAR solutions follow the worldwide trend; Monitoring and control of fishing vessels operations for National authorities to control fishing vessels; Law enforcement can be leveraged with EGNSS use, helping authorities monitor the location of the fishing vessels; Monitoring, control and tracking of off-shore vessels is important to Brazil in order to control oil spills and investigations of any piracy and robbery; and Ports operations are a key aspect of maritime applications leveraged by EGNSS, because Brazilian ports are the gate for more than 90% ofthe country’s exports. Despite the great economic importance of this segment in the Brazilian national economy, the main MARITIME challenge for the GIC-Br was to find advances of the Project, due to the absence of opportunities, many of them caused by the difficulties imposed by the COVID 19 pandemic. So, the MARITIME next step indicated is to promote actions with regulatory authorities and companies in the maritime sector in order to promote dissemination knowledge about EGNSS Galileo technology and provide technological support to interested parties.
In ROAD segment, despite the situation that 82% of Brazilian cargo is transported by truck, only 12% of the national road network is paved and the quality of 57% of the existing network is considered regular, bad or very bad, which increases the operational cost of road freight transport. This peculiar situation indicates that the main ROAD applications to be exploited in the country must be segregated into Smart Mobility – Including the use of EGNSS enabled receiver devices for Navigation that is completely widespread, not only among trucks drivers but for general users; Fleet management supported by on-board units installed in fleet’s vehicles; Satellite road traffic monitoring using data collected from vehicles, helping to monitor and manage road traffic; Services using GNSS localization to locate the shared bike’s fleet; and Anti-theft systems that uses EGNSS dependable systems to track and grant security of drivers and cargo; Safety Related – Examples are the Connected and Automated Driving (CAD), a technology that allows vehicles to share information such as position between them, with the needed help of GNSS, what is necessary to achieve automated driving; and Dangerous Goods Tracking that aims to monitore transported assets usingGNSS; and Liability – Some services as Road User Charging (RUC) for Tolls payments that are charged based on information provided by on-board units with GNSS; Insurance–telematics – Insurance companies can rely on GNSS data to apply fair prices to subscribers; and Smart tachographs that are used especially on trucks, where GNSS information is useful to control if driver’s planned route is followed properly. The main ROAD challenges for the GIC-Br were to inform the road/mobility/transport authorities in Brazil and the main companies and groups of the segment about the existence of the EGNSS Galileo, as the vast majority were unaware of the technicalities that are specific for each different GNSS systems (Galileo, GPS, GLONASS, BeiDou). The vast majority have some knowledge about the North American GPS, but were completely unaware of the advantages of using multi–system hardware, which can benefit from the advantages offered exclusively by Galileo; and to demonstrate to companies and developers of technologies associated with GNSS use on road/mobility/transport applications that EGNSS Galileo has a series of technological advantages that may be able to add value to their products and services and that there is no need to choose between GPS and Galileo, but a joint use of both technologies. The ROAD next stepsindicated are to identify Brazilian companies of the segment of commercialization and maintenance of road/mobility/transport equipment to offer hardware that is capable of receiving and processing the EGNSS signal. Through these companies, make available to the Brazilian road/mobility/transport market the effective use of Galileo technology; To convince the Brazilian authorities responsible for the COSPAS-SARSAT system in the country about the importance of the Personal Locator Beacon – PLB service of the COSPAS-SARSAT (not used today in Brazil). The activation of PLB functionality in the Brazilian SAR services is necessary to include RLS-SAR service for all national ROAD fleet; and to identify Brazilian companies that could represent European Community companies that produce and sell Personal Locator Beacon – PLBequipment capable of receiving and processing Galileo’s RLS-SAR signal. Through these companies, promote wide dissemination of the exclusive advantages of the Galileo RLS-SAR, already available in Brazil and in several other parts of the world, so that the use of this technology can be widely expanded in the promising Brazilian road/mobility/transport market.